The Fashionable residential area of Bloomsbury was developed in the 17th & 18th Centuries by the Russell family and is today home to many of London's healthcare institutions including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine.
As well as the many healthcare institutions located within the area Bloomsbury is also known for its formal squares, for containing many of London's finest parks and buildings and for hosting the annual Bloomsbury Festival. It was originally launched in 2006 when Roma Backhouse, a local resident, was commissioned to mark the re-opening of the Brunswick Centre. Now over 50,000 people are drawn to this free celebration each year with events taking place over a period of 6 days.
The British Museum Tube Station which was one of London's Tube stations, serving the Central Line until its closure in 1933 is also in Bloomsbury. Today however, although there are several underground stations surrounding the Bloomsbury area, only two underground stations actually have entrances to Bloomsbury itself, these being Russell Square and Euston Square Underground Stations.